Skeleton contemplating a skull
De humani corporis fabrica libri septem. Andreas Vesalius. Published by Johannes Oporinus,1543. Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons Of Glasgow.
Andreas Vesalius (31 December 1514 – 15 October 1564) was an anatomist, physician, and author of one of the most influential books on human anatomy, De humani corporis fabrica (On the Fabric of the Human Body).
Perhaps the most famous of these anatomical studies are the ‘muscle men’ which feature men standing in dynamic poses with muscles fully exposed. There are also drawings of muscles peeled back to show how the layers underneath. Many of these drawings show bodies and skeletons, that would normally be lying inert on a mortuary slab or direction table, in recognisably human situations. Contemplating death or digging graves. They have an air of fatality about them and remind the viewer that we are just flesh and bones. I looked in this volume as I was in search of a drawing of a human heart. The importance of the heart is now known but is at the time it only appears in rough drawings of little detail.
Vesalius is often referred to as the founder of modern human anatomy. He was born in Brussels, which though now part of Belgium, was then part of the Habsburg Netherlands. He was professor at the University of Padua and later became Imperial physician at the court of Emperor Charles V.
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons Of Glasgow
The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow has been Scotland’s foremost representative body for surgeons, doctors and dentists since 1599. Over four hundred years the College has accumulated a fascinating and often macabre collection of medical memorabilia, artefacts and instruments. Among the most treasured texts are a first edition of Vesalius’ landmark 1543 anatomy text, ‘De Humani Corporis Fabrica’, and a rare copy of Bartisch’s 1583 ‘Ophthalmodouleia’ with moveable flaps, called fugitive sheets, to provide a detailed anatomical study of the eye.